- Head of doctoral
studies at EFRI
- The first EFRI employee to receive a doctorate
according to the Scandinavian model at the Faculty of Economics, University of
- Former Croatian champion in road cycling
- A passionate sports fan
- Proud dad of little Vita
Let us start with the most banal question - Why should
someone outside academic circles enroll doctoral studies? How popular are doctoral
studies abroad, for example, among entrepreneurs?
To pursue their desire and need to explore a challenge
they face in their own business from a scientific point of view and thus contribute
to progress. Even though a doctoral degree outside the academic community is quite
common among entrepreneurs in some European countries, such as Austria and
Germany, it is still a bit underrepresented in our country (but this is slowly
changing!). The reason behind this may be that people are not yet fully aware
of the potential of scientific discoveries and the way they can contribute to
their own business progress and well-being.
is true that the doctoral degree is perceived as a prestigious achievement in
the society, but it is also evaluated through the prism of methodological and
scientific business improvement.
Scandinavian model for doctoral dissertations is becoming more and more common
in Croatia - What is actually the difference between this model and the classic
main difference is that the focus is on the research itself, while in a
classical dissertation, at least 40% of the content actually involves
paraphrasing existing research which serves as an overview of what scientists
have done before you in a particular area and the grounds on which our
research question is founded on (perhaps even too much). The Scandinavian
model avoids this breadth in writing since the field of research is
significantly narrowed so that the doctoral student can completely focus on a
specific, precisely defined subject. By writing a minimum of three papers
that concisely explain the method(s) and concrete results, makes it more
accessible and easier to apply it in business.
this model originates from Northern Europe, the term Scandinavian model has become most common in our country but it is
called different in other countries. Some refer to it as a Thesis as a series of papers, meaning that it contains a set of
scientific papers with a common introductory overview part, conclusion and
Is it possible to say that the Scandinavian model
offers a better contribution?
Definitely yes, both better and more concrete from
several aspects - among other things, the number of reviewers is wider. It is
no longer just one university professor from your home institution
(university/faculty offering the PhD studies) and one from a foreign
university. For each paper you publish, you have two additional reviewers alongside
your supervisor and co-supervisor - two pairs of eyes more that evaluate the
quality of your work. Reviewers on the papers you publish are mostly members coming
from eminent institutions.
Journals in which you need to publish in order to earn
a PhD according to the Scandinavian model must be indexed in the appropriate
SSCI (Social Sciences Citation Index) databases, which are a part of WoS (Web
of Science Core Collection) which includes a number of other databases.
You yourself received your doctoral degree 5 years ago
by writing a series of papers, and you are also the first teacher at the
Faculty of Economics and Business in Rijeka to receive your degree according to
the Scandinavian model - what are the advantages of this model in your opinion?
Yes, I received my PhD according to the Scandinavian
model in 2016, and I had two papers published. I decided to do it because I
pursued my doctoral studies abroad and there they strongly encouraged us to go
with the Scandinavian model of a dissertation. Logic, when writing a paper,
dictates that we define the topic of research as closely as possible so as not
to lose focus from the subject matter of our research by writing long and
unnecessary theoretical introductions. Theories only give you the context
within which you have to give your scientific contribution – the part of your
thesis, which is the most difficult, but also the most valuable part. This is
what actually makes you a researcher. Papers are published faster and they are
accessible to a wider audience than monographs that are very rarely present on
the Internet and often not publicly available. Scientific papers are on the
other hand publicly available to the entire community. In the west, this is
normal, and this is increasingly the case with databases as well, which makes
networking easier. Finally, thanks to all of the above, your papers achieve
disproportionately greater visibility after publication and are available
worldwide, which is, of course, very important as well.
What are the character traits of students who decide
to enrol in doctoral studies?
spirit and initiative - the two most important characteristics of our doctoral students.
thesis can have an economic or business topic. Business topics, which are more
common, require greater engagement on the part of the doctoral students
conducting independent primary research during which they collect new and
current data. Thanks to primary research, we do not fall into the trap of having
research based on ten-year-old data.
The Faculty helps doctoral students in their research
of the situation on the market by providing access to databases such as Amadeus
or Bloomberg. Researching business topics is therefore more purposeful. The
contribution of this type of research is primarily aimed at helping to improve
their own business, but it also has an impact on socially responsible business
and contributes to the community. Dissertations in the field of business economics
such as management, marketing, business finance, and organization by the nature
of things are applied, not theoretical.
Applications for enrollment in doctoral studies are
open until March 1, 2021 - Do applicants already have an idea of what topic
they want to research within their dissertation?
comes with a topic; it is more a question of how detailed it is. All of them are
usually great ideas that sometimes need to be set up differently and processed
a little differently with the help of a mentor assigned to them immediately
after enrolment. In the last few years, we have had a trend of
interdisciplinary topics, connected, for example, to medicine or
neuromarketing, where the research in two different areas must be coordinated,
which often involves the involvement of supervisors or co-supervisors from
various unrelated scientific institutions.